E3S Web Conf.
Volume 263, 2021XXIV International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Reliability of Buildings and Constructions and Safety in Construction|
|Published online||28 May 2021|
Non-disruptive method to decrease stresses in the web of the crane beam
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Ensuring the required resource of the bearing capacity of the crane beams is one of the most urgent tasks from the point of view of the rational design. The approach proposed in this article is based on the principle of redistribution of the functions of the elements involved in the operation of the crane structure. Weak resistance to rotation of the top flange and the adjoining web zone is a critical disadvantage of a typical crane structure. Additional reinforce elements are proposed to eliminate the consequences of the influence of this disadvantage. At the same time, these reinforce elements practically do not perceive either the vertical or horizontal components of the crane load, preventing only the rotation of the top flange on the length between the beam stiffeners. Another feature is that no additional stress concentration zones are created either in the flange or in the web from welding or drilling holes. The article provides a comparative analysis of the stress-strain state of the crane beams based on the results of numerical calculations carried out with the use of ABAQUS software package. It is shown that the stresses in the upper zone of the beam web, reinforced by the proposed method, are up to 20% lower than in a conventional I-beam. However, despite the simplicity of the solution, the positive results of numerical analysis and the supposed manufacturability of the approach, it is undoubtedly necessary to conduct a series of full-scale experiments on already existing objects.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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