E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Road Construction, Building Structures and Materials|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Filter leaching of salt soils of automobile roads
1 Tashkent State Transport University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Jizzakh Polytechnic Institute, Jizzakh, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Globally, in arid regions, due to the irrational use of water resources for irrigating plants, salinization of soils occurs, which causes significant damage to the country's economy. In particular, recently in some regions of Uzbekistan, there has been a rise in groundwater and flooding of territories. In these areas, where the soil bases of highways contain such readily soluble salts as: NaCL, Na2SO4·10H2O, MgSO4·7H2O, MgCL2·6H2O, CaCL2·6H2O, NaHCO3, Na2CO3·10H2O, CaCO3 and CaSO4·2H2O, additional suffusion precipitation is often observed which lead to deformations of road surfaces. Additional precipitation is due to the dissolution of salt crystals upon ingress of moisture during filtration leaching. Filtration leaching of soils was carried out in the F-1M device according to the upward flow pattern. To determine the amount of leached salts during the experiment, the infiltrate was taken, its volume and mineralization were recorded. At the end of the tests, the soil was tested according to the general scheme. To assess the influence of the leaching process on the strength indices of the studied soils by the methods of consolidated and fast shear, tests of pre-leached samples were performed. When testing soils, samples were cut, pre-compacted with the same specified load, and leached for a month. In laboratory conditions, the deformation modulus was determined by performing compression experiments. In connection with a sharp change in the modulus of deformation of soils during moistening, the tests were carried out at two values of humidity: at natural and after water saturation without the possibility of swelling. The study results show that the deformation modulus of water-saturated loams satisfactorily correlates with the value of the initial porosity coefficient and decreases as a result of water saturation and leaching. The degree of decrease depends on the value of the initial deformation modulus: the higher it is, the more significant its change. The value of the coefficient of weakening of the soil structure depends on the effective average pressure. The criterion for the permissible salt content in the base of the roadbed of highways should be taken not only the value of the degree of salinity but also the change in the indicators of the mechanical properties of soils used in the design of the construction of the roadway during soaking and leaching.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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