E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Hydraulics of Structures, Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation Construction|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Deep deformations of the upper stream of a low-pressure reservoir
1 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents the results of the analysis of the deep deformations of the Amu Darya riverbed in the upper reaches of the low-pressure reservoir. The analysis of the combined transverse profiles of the riverbed in different sections of the upper reaches of the Takhiatash reservoir showed that the coastal zones are most intensively silted up. At the same time, the core zone with the highest flow rates is very weakly declared. The height of the silting layer along the length of the upper stream increases in the direction of the dam. The silting area extends upstream for a length 2-3 times longer than the length of the soundings section, which is 17.5 km. To ensure the normal operation of the hydraulic system, it is recommended that conditions should be created for a normal and stable approach of the flow to the hydraulic system, which should be ensured by maneuvering the shield holes. To do this, it is necessary to create conditions for the erosion of the left-bank spillway by increasing the water flow through the extreme left-bank discharge holes. Flushing of the upper left-bank section of the river should continue until the optimal width of the leading channel is reached, which provides the main flow of the stream in front of the structure. It is proved that the formation and development of sediment deposits on the right bank between sections 8-10 leads to a change in the flow correction and creates conditions for the formation of shoals in front of the regulator of the Kizketken channel, which can complicate the operation of the water intake zone. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to prevent the development of the right-bank channel, and the development of the channel should go from the main channel. As shown by monitoring operating mode Takhiatash waterworks, in the Takhiatash district waterworks intensive processes the channel formation, which has a strong influence on the operational mode of the dam, especially in the operation of the water intakes flushing of sediments, skip flood costs through the shields of the dam and the stability of structures.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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