E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Hydraulics of Structures, Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation Construction|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Influence of flow hydraulic characteristics on the ridge lower escarpment angle
Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In the riverbeds and canals that run on non-cohesive grounds, bedload sediments move in the ridges form. Ridge forms determine the flow rate of bedload sediments, hydraulic resistances, the types and rates of deformations in alluvial channels. The main elements of ridge formations are height, gentle and steep length with corresponding escarpments. The ridge's steep length and this corresponding escarpment change with changes in the flow hydraulic characteristics. With a change in the ridge's steep length and its steep escarpment, the hydraulic resistance of the channel, the flow rate of bedload sediments, the types, and the channel deformation rates change. In the laboratory, a series of experiments with different sediments compositions and diameters were carried out on the hydraulic tray to determine the main elements (total, gentle and steep length, and the ridge height) and the dynamic characteristics of the ridge formations and the flow hydraulic characteristics. Calculation formulas for determining the coefficient of the ridge lower escarpments with and without taking into account the angle of the natural ground escarpment under water and in the dry state, and the dependence of the steepness of the relative ridge on the relative flow velocity, are obtained. The obtained dependencies allow to accurately determine the geometric and dynamic characteristics of bedload ridges and the corresponding hydraulic characteristics that may define the view ridge formations, ridges resistance of the channel, and the flow rate of bedload sediments, and to design sustainable escarpments large channels.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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