E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Hydraulics of Structures, Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation Construction|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Methods for calculating the balance during the period of draw-off, drainage of sludge collector cells and construction of secondary embankment dams
1 Tashkent Institute of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
An industrial waste-phosphogypsum-is formed in the production of phosphorus mineral fertilizers. As is well-known, the issues of processing and utilization of phosphogypsum on an industrial scale remain unsolved. Consequently, production waste generated at chemical plants is stored in various types of storage tanks. The currently used hydraulic storage method provides for the supply of waste in the form of a slurry into the hydraulic dump cells, their sequential dehydration in the dump, and the subsequent development of a part of the stored waste for the construction of secondary dams. However, due to the low water-release properties of phosphogypsum, it is impossible to ensure its dehydration to the required degree, in large volumes, and the required period. Therefore, various designs of watertight diaphragms and drainage devices are provided in the sludge collector to accelerate the process of dehydration of the phosphogypsum strata. The balance of the sludge collector should be assessed in two periods: the initial period when the sludge collector cells are filled, bounded by the primary dam, and the subsequent period when the reservoir is built up by erecting secondary dams from the stored material. In the initial period, the operating mode of the sludge collector is divided into two stages: in the first stage, a pond is formed above the layer of sludge with a certain predetermined depth; in the second stage, this depth of water in the pond is kept constant by the spillways. The second build-up period is preceded by a period of cell preparation, namely: the draw-off of the pond and drainage of the cell to a moisture content suitable for the dam filling and normal operation of the mechanisms used in the construction of dams. This article presents the results of filtration studies in sludge collectors with an impermeable screen (made of polymer film, asphalt-polymer concrete, etc.) above the screen drainage system. The calculating methods for the determination of filtration parameters in the second period of operation are described: when the pulp supply stops, and a pond of clarified water with a depth of H0 is drawn off.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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