E3S Web Conf.
Volume 264, 2021International Scientific Conference “Construction Mechanics, Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering” (CONMECHYDRO - 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Mechanization, Electrification of Agriculture and Renewable Energy Sources|
|Published online||02 June 2021|
Construction of vertical drainage wells using corrosion resistant materials
1 Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Vertical drainage wells in terms of construction technology and design do not differ from wells for irrigation. They are not deeper in-depth than irrigation wells and are generally 40-70 m. The main task of vertical drainage wells is land reclamation. They, depending on natural and economic conditions, serve on 5-120 hectares of area. In many areas, vertical drainage wells serve a dual purpose; land reclamation and irrigation of agricultural crops. Water intake wells, including vertical drainage wells, are characterized by a decrease in their flow rates during operation. To ensure the stable operation of the irrigation and drainage system, where water intake wells are operated, repair and restoration work is carried out on them, aimed at increasing flow rates. For the construction of vertical drainage wells in the Sirdarya river basin, steel pipes and filters are mainly used, which corrode in an aggressive environment. In the water intake zone of the well and the metal corrosion process, the colmatation process also occurs. All of them are the main reasons for the decline in well production rates. The carried out repair and restoration measures are aimed at destroying the structure of corrosion and clogging products. In practice, mechanical, physical, biological, and chemical methods are used to clean the filters of water intake wells. They all have their own technology and equipment. However, all these works do not exclude the repeatability of the process. Repetitive workover will come to ineffective, the stage of good concertation is approaching. It is known that polymeric materials do not corrode. They work steadily in aggressive environments. To prevent the corrosion process, polymeric-seam pipes were used as a filter frame and a casing for the construction of vertical drainage wells. Two pilot wells were built on the territory of the Chiyili district of the Kyzylorda region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The wells were drilled with a rotary drilling unit with backwash. Pure water (irrigation) was used as drilling fluid. To form a gravel pack in the annular zone of the casing, gravel-sand material from the Jailma quarry was used. The material was brought by rail and road transport. Pipe sections were prepared on the surface of 10 meters. Steel rings were put on the pipe from both ends of each section; their connection in the barrel was made by electric welding. The results showed that in the initial period of operation, a decline process was observed. In further exploitation, the well flow rate stabilized. As a result of construction using pipes and filters made of polymer material, the effect was achieved in terms of water volume more than 3 times and in terms of service life 4.2 times compared to a metal filter well.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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