E3S Web Conf.
Volume 265, 2021Actual Problems of Ecology and Environmental Management (APEEM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||03 June 2021|
Influence of abiotic factors on biodiversity of the populations of bivalve molluscs of the Lower Zarafshan reservoirs
1 Samarkand State University, Department of Ecology, 140104 Samarkand, Uzbekistan
2 Navoi State Pedagogical Institute, 210100 Navoi, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: Boymurodov1971@mail.ru
The length of the reservoir area on the banks of the Zarafshan River and the presence of all biotopes inhabited by molluscs of the Unionidae and Corbisulidae families have made the basin a comfortable aquatic ecosystem for molluscs. The influence of rivers and fisheries on the formation of the fauna of bivalve molluscs in reservoirs is significant. We found that 10 species and 2 subspecies of bivalve molluscs were distributed in the Kuymazor reservoir and 8 species and 2 subspecies of bivalve molluscs in Shurkul. Reservoirs of Sinanodonta species are shown for the first time by us. These molluscs belong to the ecological groups like peloreophilic, rheophilic and pelolimnophilic. In the water reservoirs of Uzbekistan, the spread of bivalve molluscs by groups has common features. In all water reservoirs, an ecological group called peloreophil prevails, but the species belonging to the ecological group atre different in different water bodies. Such species of pedloelphils as Sinanodonta gibba, S. orbicularis, Corbiculina tibetensis and C. ferghanensis are predominantly found in rivers, fish farms, and water reservoirs. The most common species in the canals are Corbiculina tibetensis and C. ferghanensis. The next frequent occurrence in water reservoirs is the ecological group of rheophiles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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