E3S Web Conf.
Volume 265, 2021Actual Problems of Ecology and Environmental Management (APEEM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environmental and Food Safety|
|Published online||03 June 2021|
Rainwater harvesting potentials for drought mitigation in Tunisia: Water quality monitoring
1 National School of Engineers, University of Sfax, Tunisia
2 Lab. of Eremology and Combating Desertification, Institute of Arid Regions, Medenine, Tunisia
3 Higher institute of a water science and techniques, Gabes, Tunisia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Rainwater is extremely important for the arid regions of Tunisia for a better valorization of this water, the indigenous of these regions decided to build earthen cisterns (Majel and Fesquia) to collect rain water, to satisfy their needs and to have sufficient long-term water reserve in case of prolonged drought. Despite the difficulties faced to access the mountainous regions, a survey was conducted concerning all characteristics of earthen cisterns and their uses. 120 samples of water have been analyzed in the laboratory for their physicochemical parameters such as pH, EC, sodium, chloride, bicarbonate and microbiological quality parameters such as total coliforms, and Escherichia coli. It has been noted that the majority of people (62%) used rainwater as drinking water, for animal watering and as supplementary irrigation. In fact, physic-and chemical properties of, the rainwater samples collected are suitable for consumption according to WHO 2017 standards. However, the results of our microbiological indicator analyses suggested that rainwater stored in Majel and Fesquia are not suitable for human consumption without any treatment. Rainwater can be considered as potential source for non-potable uses, such as irrigation. The samples collected were categorized as suitable with regard of SAR belonged to the excellent to good class.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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