E3S Web Conf.
Volume 266, 2021Topical Issues of Rational Use of Natural Resources 2021
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Technologies of Complex Processing of Mineral Raw Materials|
|Published online||04 June 2021|
A brief comparative study of the potentialities and limitations of machine-learning algorithms and statistical techniques
1 Department of Marketing and International Trade, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Freiberg, Germany
2 Institute of Thermal Engineering, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Freiberg, Germany
3 Department of Marketing and International Trade, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Freiberg, Germany
Machine learning is a popular way to find patterns and relationships in high complex datasets. With the nowadays advancements in storage and computational capabilities, some machine-learning techniques are becoming suitable for real-world applications. The aim of this work is to conduct a comparative analysis of machine learning algorithms and conventional statistical techniques. These methods have long been used for clustering large amounts of data and extracting knowledge in a wide variety of science fields. However, the central knowledge of the different methods and their specific requirements for the data set, as well as the limitations of the individual methods, are an obstacle for the correct use of these methods. New machine learning algorithms could be integrated even more strongly into the current evaluation if the right choice of methods were easier to make. In the present work, some different algorithms of machine learning are listed. Four methods (artificial neural network, regression method, self-organizing map, k-means al-algorithm) are compared in detail and possible selection criteria are pointed out. Finally, an estimation of the fields of work and application and possible limitations are provided, which should help to make choices for specific interdisciplinary analyses.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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