E3S Web Conf.
Volume 266, 2021Topical Issues of Rational Use of Natural Resources 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Technologies of Complex Processing of Mineral Raw Materials|
|Published online||04 June 2021|
Evaluation of the possibility of separating commercial phenol from the phenolic fraction of coal tar
1 Department of ATPP, Department of Mineral Processing, Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg Russia
2 Well Drilling Department, Department of Oil and Gas,Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg Russia
This article is about the possibility of concentrating commercial coal phenol with a concentration of 99% by the weight method of rectification from the phenolic fraction of coal tar. The sufficiency of phenol is ensured by the kumol method, however, the consumption of phenol increases. Modeling of the vapor-liquid equilibrium of double and triple mixtures of components using the NRTL model showed the presence of the following positive homogeneous azeotropic mixtures: phenol-indane, phenol-indene. Modeling of the vapor-liquid equilibrium of double and triple mixtures of components using the NRTL model showed the presence of the following positive homogeneous azeotropic mixtures: phenol-indane, phenol-indene. The compositions and temperatures of these azeotropes are determined. The authors propose the isolation of phenol from the fraction and its purification from indane and indene by a clear rectification method. The technological scheme consisting of four devices is based on the analysis of the component composition of the initial mixture and the existing azeotropes. Modeling of the technological scheme showed that this scheme provides the release of phenol by 99% of the mass, which meets the requirements for coal phenol. After optimizing the technological parameters of the distillation columns, the estimated extraction costs will amount to 5.64 Gcal per ton of commercial phenol.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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