E3S Web Conf.
Volume 273, 2021XIV International Scientific and Practical Conference “State and Prospects for the Development of Agribusiness - INTERAGROMASH 2021”
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||22 June 2021|
Potato thin layer convective dehydration model and energy efficiency estimation
1 University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Food Technology, Cara Dušana 34, Čačak, Serbia
2 Don State Technical University, square Gagarin 1, Rostov on Don, 344003 Russian Federation
3 Tashkent state technical University named after Islam Karimov, 100095, 2, str. University Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The dehydration parameters (temperature, thickness, and mass load) statistically significantly (p<0.05) affect the thin-layer convective dehydration of potato slices. The slices with thicknesses of 3, 5, and 8 mm were dehydrated as monolayers at different temperatures (30, 50, and 70 °C) and mass load (1.00, 0.63, and 0.38 kg m-2). The results showed that the shortest dehydration time (183 minutes), the smallest energy consumption (0.176 kWh), and the smallest emission of carbon dioxide (0.17 kg) had the dehydration model of potato slices with a 3 mm thickness, 0.38 kg m-2 mass load, dehydrated on the temperature of 70 °C. Dehydration of potato slices of 8 mm slice thickness dehydrated at 70 °C, with 0.38 kg m-2 mass load, showed the highest resistance to mass transfer (the maximum effective moisture diffusivity 2.3761 × 10-7 ± 4.45646 × 10-9 m2 s−1) and the minimum activation energy (27.02 kJ mol-1). Data obtained from these mathematical models could predict and optimize the thin layer dehydration of potato slices, with a dominant influence of temperature and potato slice thickness parameters as variables.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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