E3S Web Conf.
Volume 280, 2021Second International Conference on Sustainable Futures: Environmental, Technological, Social and Economic Matters (ICSF 2021)
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Section||Innovative Approaches for Solving Environmental Issues|
|Published online||30 June 2021|
Human factor in emergency occurrence at NPP during the pandemic COVID-19: new potential risks and recommendations to minimize them
1 State Institution “The Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, Department of environmental protection technologies and radiation safety, 34a Palladin Ave., Kyiv, 03142, Ukraine
2 G.E. Pukhov Institute for Modelling in Energy Engineering of NAS of Ukraine, Department of Mathematical and Econometric Modeling, 15 General Naumova Str., Kyiv, 03164, Ukraine
3 Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, 2 Frometivska Str., Kyiv, 03039, Ukraine
4 PLEJADES GmbH - Independent Experts, Feldstr. 5 D-64347, Griesheim, Germany
5 National Aviation University, 1 Liubomyra Huzara Ave., Kyiv, 03058, Ukraine
6 Pure Earth, 475 Riverside Drive, Suite 860, New York, NY 10115, United States of America
7 Pegasus Environmental and Nuclear Services, Inc, Orlando, FL 32819, United States of America
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
COVID-19 pandemic is an emergency that spread across the planet. It threatens lives and health of the population, with many dead and injured. Also, during pandemic there was (and continues to be) a violation of normal living conditions, significant material damage to economies of different countries. Quarantine restrictions affected social, educational, cultural and spiritual spheres of society. There is an urgent threat to operation of critical infrastructure as the pandemic led to large numbers of hospitalized or self-isolated people and being treated at home. At present, the operation of critical infrastructure, and in particular nuclear power plants, is strategically important for the proper functioning of any country. Also, the research describes causes of emergencies at nuclear power plants and identifies another factor - the mass disease of NPP personnel or their relatives on COVID-19. It is determined that timely detection and appropriate work to restore mental health during the pandemic is no less important area of work along with providing medical care to population. Stress associated with uncertainty, threat to health, can have negative consequences for well-being and mental health of workers. Depression, emotional exhaustion, anxiety, irritability, suicidal thoughts, etc. can also be consequences. Socio-psychological support especially for critical infrastructure workers is important to promote mental health during COVID-19 pandemic. Recommendations for socio-psychological support of NPP personnel were developed. Specialized mobile applications are described as convenient and economical way for primary psychological care.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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