E3S Web Conf.
Volume 285, 2021International Conference on Advances in Agrobusiness and Biotechnology Research (ABR 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Agronomy and Crop Sciences|
|Published online||06 July 2021|
Influence of the tillage method on the development of leaf diseases of winter wheat
Federal Research Center of Biological Plant Protection, Krasnodar, 350039, Russia
2 Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Timiryazev Street, 45, Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan
3 Kuban state agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, 350004, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
To carry out effective plant protection measures, it is necessary to take into account all the factors affecting the quality of the crop. The aim of our research was to study the degree of development of leaf diseases of winter wheat and the rate of infestation of crops, depending on the tillage method. The studies were carried out in 2019-2020 at the experimental plots of “Kuban educational farm” in Krasnodar. For the research, four experimental plots with Steppe variety of soft winter wheat were created, where various soil cultivation systems were applied: 1 - No-Till (zero technology), 2 - moldboard-free technology, 3 - recommended, 4 - moldboard technology. The article presents data on the degree of development of diseases and the degree of infestation of winter wheat plants in the crops of test plots with various tillage systems. It was found that the most preferable is the use of the recommended type of treatment, since with it the least number of diseases develops and the degree of development of pathogens is reduced by 2-3 times in comparison with other options. The influence of the tillage method on the number and composition of phytopathogen spores was revealed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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