E3S Web Conf.
Volume 285, 2021International Conference on Advances in Agrobusiness and Biotechnology Research (ABR 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Agronomy and Crop Sciences|
|Published online||06 July 2021|
Variability Russian Rice Varieties in Essential Amino Acids Composition
Federal Research Center for Rice, 350921 Krasnodar, Belozerny 3, Russia
2 Kuban State Agrarian University, 350000 Krasnodar, Russia
3 “Aratai” LTD, “Skolkovo”, 143026 Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Rice contains antioxidants, minerals, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins that make it a functional food. A dozen times higher content of antioxidants was noted in black-grain and red-grain rice varieties as compared to white-grain ones. In terms of protein content, color and white-grain varieties do not differ significantly. The protein composition largely determines the nutritional value and functional properties, as well as the texture and taste of rice. Although rice contains less protein than many cereals, its biological value is highest due to balanced composition of amino acids. Nutritional value of different rice varieties varies greatly due to different amino acid composition. Determination of amino acid composition was carried out on devices Kapel 105 - M. In the work used 50 collection samples of rice. The variability was studied and the sources were identified among domestic rice varieties. To create a new generation varieties with more balanced amino acid composition, it is necessary both to isolate sources with a high content of individual amino acids, and varieties with high characteristics in terms of content complex of amino acids, especially essential ones.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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