E3S Web Conf.
Volume 287, 2021International Conference on Process Engineering and Advanced Materials 2020 (ICPEAM2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Green and Advanced Materials Engineering|
|Published online||06 July 2021|
Computational studies of ionic liquids as co-catalyst for CO2 electrochemical reduction to produce syngas using COSMO-RS
1 Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia
2 Centre of Research in Ionic Liquids, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Transforming carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added products through electrochemical reduction reaction (CO2ERR) is a promising technique due to its potential advantages using renewable energy. The main challenge is to find a stable catalytic system that could minimize the reaction overpotential with high faradaic efficiency and high current density. Ionic liquids (ILs) as electrolyte in CO2ERR have attracted attention due to the advantages of their unique properties in enhancing catalytic efficiency. For better performance, a systematic understanding of the role of ILs as electrocatalyst is needed. Therefore, this paper aims to correlate the performance of ILs as co-catalyst in (CO2ERR) with the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level and the interaction energy as predicted by quantum chemical calculation using Conductor like Screening Model for Real Solvents (COSMO-RS) and Turbomole. The results show strong linearity (R2=0.98) between hydrogen bond energy (HB) and LUMO values. It is demonstrated that as HB increases, the LUMO value decreases, and the catalytic activity for CO2ERR also increases. This result allows further understanding on the correlation between the molecular structure and the catalytic activity for CO2ERR. It can serve as a priori prediction to aid in the design of new effective catalysts.
Key words: Ionic liquid / CO2 electrochemical reduction / COSMO-RS
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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