E3S Web Conf.
Volume 287, 2021International Conference on Process Engineering and Advanced Materials 2020 (ICPEAM2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Sustainable Process Development|
|Published online||06 July 2021|
Modeling of reaction kinetics in generation of hydrogen from wastewater by microbial electrolysis
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, RV College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
2 Department of Biotechnology, RV College of Engineering, Bengaluru, India
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
High carbon footprints and limited availability of fossil fuels have motivated researchers to find alternatives to fossil fuels and the ways of producing them. Hydrogen is an alternative fuel and can be generated by electrohydrogenesis in a Microbial Electrolysis Cell (MEC) using wastewater. At times, the microorganisms known as exoelectrogens are added externally to the wastewater in the form of biomass. Biomass serves as a parameter to optimize the yield of hydrogen. In this research work an attempt is made to understand the effect of the biomass concentration on the substrate utilization by the exoelectrogens and product formation. This research work also aims at studying the biochemical reaction kinetics and to identify a model that best describes the kinetics of the reactions involved, at the electrodes. It was observed that on increasing the biomass concentration from 0.7g/L to 1.4 g/L, the gas liberation rate increased from 9.42 ml/day to 15.33 ml/day and substrate utilization increased from 86.8% to 94.3%. This was in close agreement with the solution of the identified model. It was found out that the energy efficiency of MEC improved substantially by 30% and the energy demand was decreased by 38.5% when the initial biomass concentration was doubled.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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