E3S Web Conf.
Volume 288, 2021International Symposium “Sustainable Energy and Power Engineering 2021” (SUSE-2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||14 July 2021|
Improvement of the gas chromatographic method for diagnosing developing defects in oil-filled electrical equipment based on the analysis of furan compounds
Kazan state power engineering university, Kazan, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
During the operation of oil-filled electrical equipment under the influence of temperature, humidity and other negative factors, the destruction of paper insulation occurs. As a result of this destruction, furan compounds are formed, which get into the transformer oil. To identify the process of destruction of paper insulation, control of furan compounds in transformer oil is carried out by instrumental methods. Of these methods, the most widely used is gas chromatography using packed chromatographic columns, on the basis of which guidelines have been developed. To improve gas chromatographic methods for monitoring furan compounds, we used a highly efficient quartz capillary column filled with a polar stationary phase based on polyethylene glycol. The sample was injected into the injector of the chromatograph Chromos-GC1000 using an automated dosing system with a vial for 23 samples. Used transformer oil of the GK-1 brand of Almetyevsk electrical networks was taken as the object of research; The optimal retention characteristics of standard sorbates were preliminary determined, which were used as organic extractants of transformer oil and furan compounds. The effect of temperature on the process of chromatographic analysis of furfuryl alcohol and organic extractants was determined, on the basis of which it was established that the selectivity of separation is determined by the nature of intermolecular interactions in the sorbate-sorbent system, in particular, the formation of a hydrogen bond. It has been shown that the selectivity coefficient for the separation of furfuryl alcohol depends on the physicochemical nature of organic extractants, their boiling points and dipole moments and has the highest values for the analyzed pair of components: furfuryl alcohol - ethanol.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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