E3S Web Conf.
Volume 291, 2021IV International Scientific and Practical Conference “Sustainable Development and Green Growth on the Innovation Management Platform” (SDGG 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Conservation and Rational Use of Natural Potential for Sustainable Development|
|Published online||19 July 2021|
Neural network modeling of tourism development as a factor of sustainable economic growth in Russian regions
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, Gagarina Ave, 23, 603095 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The features of the development of the tourism sector in the regions of the Russian Federation, which have an impact on the socio-economic development of the country, have been investigated. Analysis of the current state of the tourism sector, classified as the main types of economic activity, is relevant and important for increasing the competitiveness of the regions of the Russian Federation and ensuring the economic security of the state. The study is aimed to model and analyze tourist cluster formations in Russia. The study of tourist activity in the regions of Russia based on the indicators of the database of the Federal State Statistics Service was carried out using a new promising approach - cluster analysis using the scientific and methodological apparatus of artificial neural networks. The distribution of Russian regions into five tourist clusters has been obtained as a result of clustering multidimensional data using neural networks - self-organizing Kohonen maps, which are focused on self-study, and modern information technologies. In neural network modeling, the six-dimensional space of tourism development indicators was mapped, taking into account the topology, into a two-dimensional space, which made it possible to visualize the results of grouping regions by tourist clusters. The features of the development of the tourism sector in the regions of the Russian Federation have been revealed by the totality of the considered indicators The obtained results state that there is a strong variation in the number of regions by tourist clusters and the ametric nature of the development of tourist activity in the regions of Russia. The results of the study are of practical significance for the strategic planning of the tourism sector development, which ensures the development of domestic and inbound tourism. Analysis of the functioning of the tourism sector in the regions of the Russian Federation allows concluding the necessity to take a set of measures to stimulate effective investment activity in a number of tourism clusters, harmonizing the strategies of the state and business, which will contribute to the renewal and competitiveness of this type of economic activity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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