E3S Web Conf.
Volume 293, 20212021 3rd Global Conference on Ecological Environment and Civil Engineering (GCEECE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Sustainable Resource Development and Green Energy Saving|
|Published online||23 July 2021|
Experimental Study on Vegetation Restoration of Abandoned Land in Desert Steppe Nonferrous Metal Mine
1 Institute of Water Resources for Pastoral Area, Ministry of Water Resources of China, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia
2 Sunite Jinxi Gold Mining Co. Ltd, Suniteyou Banner, Inner Mongolia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Taking the mine dump in nonferrous metal mine as the research object in desert steppe Inner Mongolia, according to the artificial remodeling of the landforms and the characteristics of water and soil erosion, the vegetation restoration model tests on the dumping site were carried out. The ecological effects of four vegetation restoration measures on soil and water storage were analyzed which including shrubs, shrubgrass, grass and natural restoration of vegetation. The research results showed that compared with the natural restoration plant community, the soil surface water content of the three planting restoration measures increased obviously, the soil organic matter content increased but the change difference was not obvious. The vegetation coverage of shrub-grass was 67%, and the aboveground biomass was 132 g/m2. The vegetation restoration measure of shrub-grass had stronger wind-proof and soil-fixing ability than other measures, the vegetation coverage reaches 67% and the above-ground biomass is 132 g/m2. Efficacy evaluation was carried out by the grey correlation method, and Comprehensive benefit of shrubs, shrub-grass and grass all reached higher value. The most comprehensive benefit was the shrub-grass measure, which reached 0.68, and the smallest was shrubs measure also reached 0.60. Three measures cloud be applied to the vegetation restoration of desert steppe metal mining areas, and shrub-grass measure was the best.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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