E3S Web Conf.
Volume 295, 2021International Scientific Forum on Sustainable Development and Innovation (WFSDI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Sustainable Development of Regions: Economic Aspect|
|Published online||26 July 2021|
Sustainable development of single-industry towns in Russia
Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS, 620014 Ekaterinburg, Russia;
2 ITMO University, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia
3 Russian State Hydrometeorological University, 197107 St. Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The modern practice of defining administrative-industrial territories has formed the concept of «single-industry towns». Currently, there are many definitions of this phenomenon; however, the common criterion for classifying a town as a single-industry town is that its socio-economic development depends on the activities of one city-forming enterprise or several enterprises in the technological structure that operate within a single production and technological process. Such dependence for settlements with narrow specialization has a negative impact during the crisis situation at the enterprise or its liquidation. The negative consequences include a sharp increase in unemployment (including hidden one), aggravation of social problems, acceleration of population outflow to more developed cities/regions of the region/country, sharply reduced revenues to the local budget, which leads to the impossibility of independent development of the settlement. The problems of single-industry towns in the periods of economic crises are pronounced. Results. This paper has defined the criteria of single-industry towns, approaches to the identification of single-industry towns. In addition, the models and factors contributing to the sustainable socio-economic development of single-industry towns and domestic experience in the modernization of single-industry town settlements are identified.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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