E3S Web Conf.
Volume 295, 2021International Scientific Forum on Sustainable Development and Innovation (WFSDI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sustainable Energy Development|
|Published online||26 July 2021|
The main problems of using biomass as a fuel
Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Joint Institute for High Temperatures RAS (JIHT RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation
3 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: ShilovaLA@mgsu.ru
The article discusses the main problems of the using of biomass as a fuel, including the fuel use of biomass as an innovative way to generate clean energy. It is shown that according to the development of technology for the production of renewable energy sources, energy costs will decrease, and the operating time of the devices and, accordingly, their productivity will increase. Ultimately, this will allow to get a positive result, i.e. reduce harmful emissions from energy production. The methodology basis on the open statistics data and analysis of the energy balance of new energy production technologies are considered. The motivation for the using renewable energy sources in industrialized and developing countries is investigated. A review of new technologies for the using biomass as a fuel is made, which allows for efficient processing of biomass, including gasification, co-production of heat and electricity, fuel use of combustible gases generated at landfills, and production of fuel for transport in the form of methanol and biodiesel.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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