E3S Web Conf.
Volume 302, 20212021 Research, Invention, and Innovation Congress (RI2C 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Relative Efficiency Analysis of Biomass Agricultural Plants using Data Envelopment Analysis
Industrial Engineering, Ubonratchathani University, Ubonratchathani, 34190, Thailand
Renewable energy has recently been a promising interest as a substitute for fossil fuels due to an increasing energy demand as well as a rising concern over the environmental impact of fossil fuel consumption around the globe. Biofuel, in particular, is a type of renewable energy, which can be derived from various biomass types. In this research, we analyze relative efficiencies using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique from three types of energy-related plants in the Northeastern region of Thailand, which are cassava, sugarcane, and palm. The relative efficiency of each province is further analyzed during 2017 to 2019 for a comparative study. Next, the input criteria are collected including allowable planting area, labor cost, and rainfall amount; whereas the included output criterion is the quantity of harvested product. Our initial analysis using CCR, BBC, and Scale Efficiency (SE) models of DEA provides the baseline of efficient provinces to be benchmarked and directions for improving inefficient provinces, given desired input and output criteria in this study.
Key words: Relative Efficiency / Data Envelopment Analysis / Biomass / Renewable Energy
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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