E3S Web Conf.
Volume 305, 2021RUBIS International Workshop on the Resilience of Rubber-based Agroforestry Systems in the Context of Global Change
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Agronomy of Rubber-Based Agroforestry Systems|
|Published online||23 September 2021|
Progress of Rubber Breeding Program to Support Agroforestry System in Indonesia
Indonesian Rubber Research Institute Jl. Raya Palembang – Pangkalan Balai Km 29, Sembawa, Banyuasin, South Sumatra
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The use of superior rubber planting materials is one of the most important components of technology to support the cultivation and sustainability of the natural rubber industry. The effect of the genetic components of planting materials to the rubber productivity can reach 60%, and the rest is the influence of agro-climatic conditions. The aim of the rubber plant breeding program is to obtain the new superior rubber clones that have a high latex yielding potential and good agronomic characters. The fluctuations of natural rubber price and climate changes also influence the direction and objectives of the rubber plant breeding program. To deal with the conditions, it is important to provide the rubber agroforestry technology by through intercropping of rubber with various other crops. The article will provide the information about progress of rubber breeding program in Indonesia and it is role in supporting agroforestry system. Several of new superior rubber clones have been released by IRRI, and some of these clones such as IRR 112 and IRR 118 had been planting with rice, corn, and other crops by through rubber agroforestry system. The system was estimated be able to maintain latex yielding potential of clones as well as farmers’ income can be improved.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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