E3S Web Conf.
Volume 306, 2021The First International Conference on Assessment and Development of Agricultural Innovation (1st ICADAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||24 September 2021|
The effect of seed scarification on the germination process and the growth of long bean (Vigna sinensis) sprout
Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology of North Maluku Province, Jl. Inpres Ubo-Ubo 241, Ternate Selatan, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This study was aimed to determine the germination process of seeds with different scarification treatments. This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, July 2019. The treatment in this research were different scarification methods of the seeds by sanding (P1), wounding (P2), soaking in H2SO4 (P3), soaking in warm water (P4), and baking at 55º C for 10 minutes (P5). Each treatment using 30 long bean seed that has been repeated for 3 times. Based on the five treatments, the seeds were planted in soil media and their growth observed for 14 days. The results showed that the seed growth for 14 days from the five treatments give an indication that the germination process and the first leaves grow out from long bean seeds was happen in treatment by oven 55º C (P5). Based on these results, it can be concluded that different scarification methods affected on the seed germination process. The fastest seed germination process to produce optimum growth in long bean plants was the scarification treatment by heating the seeds using an oven 55º C for 10 minutes (P5) before the seeds were planted.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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