E3S Web Conf.
Volume 306, 2021The First International Conference on Assessment and Development of Agricultural Innovation (1st ICADAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 September 2021|
Surface sterilization method for reducing contamination of Clinacanthus nutans nodal explants intended for in-vitro culture
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, 35400 Tapah Road, Perak, Malaysia
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Perlis, 03500 Arau, Malaysia
3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Surface sterilization is a vital step in preparation of healthy and viable explants in tissue culture. Most surface contaminants can be eliminated by surface sterilization with a suitable sterilizing agent. The study aimed to present an effective disinfection method for Clinacanthus nutans shoot regeneration using nodal segments. A total of four different sterilization approaches were conducted by treating nodal explants with various concentrations of sterilizing agent. Sterilizing agents used were Rhizophora apiculata Pyroligneous acid (PA), sodium hypochlorite (Clorox) thiophanate-methyl (fungicide), and Mercuric chloride (HgCl2). Nodal explant then was cultured on plant growth regulator-free Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium. This study sterilizing agents revealed that PA showed strong bactericidal activity. However, it led to a high number of fungal contaminations. The pyroligneous acid did not exhibit a strong potential as a disinfectant for C. nutans nodal explant. Overall, HgCl2 exhibits the best reduction in fungal contamination and gives a significant result with thiophanate-methyl fungicide. Surface sterilization with mercuric chloride (0.2%) for 1 hour was the optimum concentration and duration, which resulted in the highest percentage of nodal explant survival and viability. All viable nodal segments developed into shoots. It had been concluded that the best surface sterilization agent was HgCl2.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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