E3S Web Conf.
Volume 306, 2021The First International Conference on Assessment and Development of Agricultural Innovation (1st ICADAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||24 September 2021|
Effect of natural male and female (sex ratio) on nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) production on Maluku
Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology Maluku - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The composition of males and females is very influential on the productivity of nutmeg plants. This research aimed to get the composition of male, female, and shade types related to the productivity of the nutmeg plant in the center of nutmeg in Maluku. Nested Design Three-Factor. Production centers are divided: Large Island, Medium Island and Small Island, determined as Factor A. Data on the number of trees Ratio male: female as factor B (B1 = ratio <1:10); (B2 = ratio 1:10 - 1:15); and (B3 = ratio> 1:20). Minimum of five female nutmeg samples for observation of production in a layered (Proportional Stratified Random Sample) harvest season in a year as a replication, namely Harvest I; Harvest II; and Harvest III. The results showed that the natural sex ratio of nutmeg was 1:10 in Small Island, Medium Island, and Big Island. The average productivity of nutmeg was 1,494, 1,465, and 1,296 fruit/tree/year, respectively. The farming system in Small Island was a monoculture of 100% shade plants, while in Medium and Big Island, the farming system was 33% - 50% shade plants and 50% - 67% other perennial crops.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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