E3S Web Conf.
Volume 306, 2021The First International Conference on Assessment and Development of Agricultural Innovation (1st ICADAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||24 September 2021|
Yield of promising lines of peanut and resistance to Aspergillus flavus, aflatoxin, and foliar disease
Indonesian Legumes and Tuber Crops Research Institute (Iletri), Jalan Raya Kendalpayak Km 8 Malang 65101, East Java, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Peanut is a suitable media for Aspergillus flavus growth that produced secondary metabolite called aflatoxin. One strategy to obtain low A. flavus infection and aflatoxin contamination is growing resistant cultivar. The objective of research was to identify pod yields of genotypes and its resistance to A. flavus and foliar disease, and low aflatoxin contamination. The multi environmental trials were conducted at eight sites. The treatments were 10 promising lines, Kancil and Garuda Biga (check cultivars), and these were arranged in a RBD three replicates in each site. The genotypes were grown under optimal condition. The results indicated the average pod yield of nine lines were significantly 11.2-21.6% and 23.4-34.8% higher than those of Kancil and Garuda Biga, respectively. Despite highest pod productivity, G/GH502-00B-600-42-226-19 (3.09 tons) and Mj/G-00b-884-95-41 (3.06 tons) had higher score of foliar diseases than those of the check cultivars. Meanwhile MH/IC91278-99C-180-13-74 and LM/IC 87123-93-B-32 with 2.91 tons and 2.84 tons ha-1 had very low aflatoxin contamination (<0.5 ppb) and lower foliar diseases infection than those of check cultivars. MH/IC91278-99C-180-13-74 and LM/IC 87123-93-B-32 therefore were appropriate to be promoted as new cultivars with high pod yield, resistant to foliar disease and A. flavus, and low aflatoxin contamination.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.