E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Energy Efficiency of Buildings|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Evaluation of Biomimicry-based Strategies to Improve Exterior Environmental parameters: A numerical Study at Urban Scale in a tropical Climate
1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, Panama City, Panama
2 Centro de Estudios Multidisciplinarios de Ingeniería, Ciencia y Tecnología (CEMCIT-AIP), Panama City, Panama
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Due to population growth, cities have expanded their urban areas, causing increased temperatures and vegetative scarcity. Therefore, studies have been carried out on the urban heat island phenomenon, its effect on people’s thermal stress, and how to mitigate this problem. This research aims to evaluate the application of biomimetic strategies for improving exterior environmental conditions on an urban scale under a tropical climate through dynamic simulation. The case study takes place in the Casco Antiguo of Panama. Here, two cases were evaluated (base case and proposed case). The proposed case consists of strategies obtained from the application of the biomimetic design methodology. The ENVI-met software was used to evaluate both cases, where the external environmental parameters are compared between both cases for the critical months (March and October) at 15:00. Results showed that the air temperature reached an average reduction for March of 1.9 °C and 2 °C for October, the Tmr had an increase up to 0.6 °C in March and the PET index decreased 1.7 °C in March and in October 2 °C. Although significant changes were obtained, high levels of discomfort persist due to the narrowness and proximity of the buildings in this urban settlement.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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