E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Propulsion Systems for Sustainable Mobility|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Modeling of an Organic Rankine Cycle Waste Heat Recovery system for automotive engine applications
1 Energy Department - Politecnico di Torino, corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
2 Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II - Corso Umberto I 40 - 80138 Napoli, Italy
3 Teoresi S.p.A. - via F. Imparato 198, 80146 Napoli, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The remarkable investments made by manufacturers over the last few decades have contributed to improving the performance of internal combustion engines in every aspect: lower polluting emissions, greater specific power and thermal efficiency. Despite this, on an average, about 40% of the thermal power theoretically available from the combustion of the fuel is still stored in the exhaust gases and therefore dispersed in the environment. In this work the modeling and validation of a waste heat recovery (WHR) plant will be described, combining the engine with a low temperature Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system, in order to investigate the feasibility of this system on board of a vehicle, analyzing the quantity of thermal power recovered and made available in the form of electrical power. The ORC plant is modeled using a 0D/1D thermo-fluid dynamic approach. Starting from experimental tests, a map-based model for the piston pump and the scroll expander has been developed. The model has been validated through the use of a vector optimization technique, exploiting a genetic algorithm (MOGA). Subsequently, this system has been coupled to a spark ignition engine for automotive applications, adapting its speed range to comply with the ORC experimental tests. To have an accurate control over the expander inlet temperature, a bypass circuit and two throttles actuated by a PI controller have been implemented. The simulations were performed by considering 18 engine points at maximum load and different rpm. An average thermal efficiency increase of the system of 2.6% was obtained by introducing the recovery plant, and wide improvement chance can be foreseen in the case of ORC full-power use.
Key words: Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) / Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) / Internal Combustion Engine / 1D simulation
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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