E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Systems for Sustainable Energy Generation|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Effect of hydrogen addition in diesel/natural gas dual-fuel combustion with late injection
Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Lecce, 73100, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In a previous work, the effectiveness of late pilot injection on improving combustion behaviour – in terms of fuel conversion efficiency and pollutant emission levels – in a diesel/natural gas dual-fuel engine was assessed. Then, an additional set of experiments was performed, aiming at speeding up the combustion process possibly without penalizing NOx levels. Therefore, hydrogen was added to natural gas in a percentage equal to 10%. Results show that hydrogen addition has a significant effect on the combustion development specially during the early stage of combustion: ignition delay is shortened and combustion centre is advanced, while the combustion duration increases when pilot injection timing is set to conventional values, while remains basically unchanged for late timings. Fuel conversion efficiency is only slightly penalized when hydrogen is added. Moreover, it was confirmed that, in general, combustion strategy with late pilot injection timing does not penalize fuel conversion efficiency; indeed, in some cases, it actually increases. Concerning regulated emission levels, it is again proven that late pilot injection does not penalize pollutant production: the hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide reduce as pilot injection is delayed, probably due to the higher temperatures reached into the cylinder during most part of the expansion stroke. Moreover, adding hydrogen always reduces their levels. Concerning NOx, they are drastically reduced delaying pilot injection; as expected, hydrogen addition promotes NOx formation, but the increase, evident with conventional pilot injection timings, becomes marginal with late injection strategy. Therefore, combustion strategy performance with late pilot injection in dual-fuel diesel/natural gas combustion conditions can be further improved with 10% hydrogen addition to natural gas.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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