E3S Web Conf.
Volume 312, 202176th Italian National Congress ATI (ATI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Systems for Sustainable Energy Generation|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Thermo-economic analysis of a supercritical CO2-based waste heat recovery system
Politecnico di Milano – Dipartimento di Energia, Via R. Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milano, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This work investigates the performance of a supercritical CO2 cycle as the bottoming cycle of a commercial gas turbine with 4.7 MW of electric power output. In detail, the partial heating cycle is the layout chosen for the interesting trade-off between heat recovery and cycle efficiency with a limited number of components. Single-stage radial turbomachines are selected according to the theory of similitude. In particular, the compressor is a troublesome turbomachine as it works near the critical point where significant variations of the CO2 properties occur. Efficiency values for turbomachinery are not fixed at first glance but result from actual size and running conditions, based on flow rates, enthalpy variations as well as rotational speeds. In addition, a limit is set for the machine Mach numbers in order to avoid heavily loaded turbomachinery. The thermodynamic study of the bottoming cycle is carried out by means of the mass and energy balance equations. A parametric analysis is carried out with particular attention to a number of specific parameters. Considering the power output calculated for the supercritical CO2 cycle, economic calculations are also carried out and the related costs compared to those specific of organic Rankine cycles with similar power output.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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