E3S Web Conf.
Volume 313, 202119th International Stirling Engine Conference (ISEC 2021)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Waste Heat Recovery Systems|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Analysis of a Stirling engine in a waste heat recovery system with internal combustion engine
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie per l’Energia e la Mobilità Sostenibili (STEMS) Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Guglielmo Marconi, 4, 80125 Napoli, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This work aims to study a Stirling engine (SE) used to recover the heat content of the exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine. The attention has been focused on the heat transfer between the exhaust gas and the working gas inside the heater. Experimental tests have been performed on a two-cylinder gamma-type Stirling engine coupled to a compression ignition engine using a thermally insulated pipe and a cap. A mechanical power of 0.275 kW at 900 rpm SE rotational speed was obtained with a SE efficiency of 11.7%. To investigate how the exhaust gas-heater interaction affects SE efficiency, a 3D model was developed by the authors. The cap-heater system was studied as a shell-and-tubes heat exchanger. Experimental values of temperature and velocity have been set as boundary conditions for the cap, while for the heater, pressure and velocity have been predicted using a 1D adiabatic model adjusted for SE geometry. The results showed that temperature distribution is not uniform in both cylinders, involving that the working pistons do not work in the same way. Therefore, to improve SE efficiency, a proper configuration of SE-CI engine coupling should be designed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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