E3S Web Conf.
Volume 315, 2021VIth International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environment Problems in Mining Regions|
|Published online||28 October 2021|
Integrated approach to solving the problems of land recovery and disposal of solid waste in the coal mining region
1 T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, Belovo Branch,, Ilyica st. 32, Belovo, Russia 652644
2 National Research Tomsk State University, 36 Lenina Avenue, Tomsk, Russia, 634050
3 Belovsky Fisheries LLC, Belovo, Russia
4 D. Serikbayev East Kazakhstan Technical University, 69 Protozanov Street, Ust-Kamenogorsk, The Republic of Kazakhstan, 070004
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
As a result of anthropogenic destruction of natural biogeocenoses, a decrease in biodiversity occurs, leading to instability and degradation of both individual elements and the biosphere as a whole. In coal-mining regions, there are two equivalent environmental problems: land degradation as a result of mining and an increase in production and consumption waste. The unfavorable ecological situation affects the state of the ecosystem of the regions as a whole, which negatively affects the health of the population. In this regard, the development of predictive models of the state of disturbed lands - their reclamation and return to the national economic turnover - are relevant. The purpose of this work is to develop principles of rational nature management during land reclamation in the Kemerovo region, disturbed as a result of opencast mining of mineral deposits. The principles of rational use have been developed, their implementation will contribute to the improvement of the ecological situation. The mechanisms of implementation include: an integrated approach to solving the problems of land reclamation and disposal of solid household waste in a coal-mining region; forecasting and regulation of the introduction of alien objects; introduction of environmentally friendly technologies to minimize emissions of xenobiotics into the biosphere and decontamination of MSW processing products.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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