E3S Web Conf.
Volume 315, 2021VIth International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Innovations in Mining Machinery|
|Published online||28 October 2021|
Socio-ecological aspects of the realization of the human potential of workers in resource-producing regions
1 Belarusian State University, Department of Communicative Design, Faculty of Social and Cultural Communications, 220036, Minsk, K. Liebknecht Street, 92, Belarus
2 T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, Department of Нistory, Рhilosophy and Social Sciences, 650000 Kemerovo, 28 Vesennyaya st., Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the problems of resource-producing regions, both in Russia and in other countries, is provision of industrial enterprises with professional personnel. It has an impact on the development of socio-economic infrastructure, the degree of technological development, the state of the environmental situation and other aspects. Depending on the state structure and socio-political situation, these problems have their own specifics, in particular, it concerns the coal industry of Kuzbass in the XX-XXI centuries. In the XX century, the formation of human resources was first ensured by free recruitment, organized recruiting and party mobilizations. It is emphasized that under these conditions, the state authorities and the party leadership were forced to make a decision to use the labor of special settlers, labor settlers, home front soldiers, as well as the labor of Soviet Germans deported to Kuzbass at industrial facilities, including at coal industry enterprises. At the end of the XX - beginning of the XXI century, there is a change in the approaches to the formation of human resources, depending on the socio-economic, demographic and other conditions of the development of modern Russia. The problems of the formation and development of industry, the dynamics of human resources potential and demographic changes in Western Siberia were considered in the works of A. B. Konovalov, S. V. Soboleva, E. M. Shcherbakova, and others. Climatic conditions, the lack of basic household infrastructure, staff turnover on the one hand, and the lack of environmental standards on the other, have led to inefficient socio-economic regional development and an increase in environmental problems. In modern conditions, this is manifested not only in the growth of oncological diseases in Kuzbass, but also in the degree of environmental pollution by industrial waste, including the tendency to alienate agricultural land for the construction of technological roads, warehouses for the fertile soil layer and sites for auxiliary equipment. Attention is focused on the fact that for the rise of industry and the increase in coal production, it was necessary to attract labor, and the demographic situation is contradictory: on the one hand, the dynamics of the natural birth rate of the population decreased, which was a characteristic phenomenon for all regions of Western Siberia, and on the other, the lack of labor resources was compensated due to internal migration processes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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