E3S Web Conf.
Volume 317, 2021The 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, and Information System (ICENIS 2021)
|Number of page(s)
|Culture and Environment
|05 November 2021
Socio-Economic Position as Risk Factor of Childhood Tuberculosis
1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lampung, Jl. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung 35145, Indonesia
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Lampung, Jl. Soemantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung 35145, Indonesia
Childhood tuberculosis cases in the year 2020 increased compared to cases in 2013. Meanwhile, childhood tuberculosis has received less attention in the current tuberculosis epidemic. Researches show that tuberculosis closely related to socio-economic position, but only few researches studied in childhood tuberculosis. This research aims to study socio-economic positions as risk factor of childhood tuberculosis. This research is a case control study carried out in six primary health centres which have the highest cases of childhood tuberculosis in Bandar Lampung, Indonesia. Samples of this research consisted of case sample and control sample. The case samples were all children with tuberculosis in the research study, which were 73 children and the control samples were 73 children who did not suffer from tuberculosis. Data collection was carried out by interview based on questionnaires, which then analysed using chi square. The results show that low socio-economic positions increase the risk of childhood tuberculosis in children. Furthermore, the mechanism included the presence of household contacts as well as low knowledge of tuberculosis transmission and prevention. In conclusion, childhood tuberculosis control program should be elaborated with socio-economic position intervention.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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