E3S Web Conf.
Volume 317, 2021The 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, and Information System (ICENIS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Culture and Environment|
|Published online||05 November 2021|
Protection Efforts of Coral Reefs Ecosystem from Anthropogenic Threats at Karimunjawa National Park, Indonesia
1 Master Program of Environmental Science, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
2 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
3 Faculty of Law, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The coral reef area at Karimunjawa National Park is decreasing over time. There are two factors causing damage to coral reefs, namely natural factors and anthropogenic factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the anthropogenic threats that cause damage to coral reefs at Karimunjawa National Park and any protection efforts to maintain sustainability. The data of this research were obtained from interviews and literature reviews. The study results show that tourist activities, fishing activities caused damages to coral reefs due to anthropogenic factors and barge rests in conservation areas. Karimunjawa National Park managers carried out law enforcement to protect the coral reefs. Legal enforcement activities are carried out against fishers who are caught using cantrang nets and potassium. Ten fishermen have been convicted of illegal fishing using the types of equipment. Barge activities that damage coral reefs are also subjected to legal action. There are 8 cases of vessel grounding that have been resolved by paying compensation. Law enforcement activities are a form of responsibility for the damage to coral reefs that have been caused. Law enforcement is an effort to protect coral reef ecosystems in addition to socialization and patrolling.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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