E3S Web Conf.
Volume 317, 2021The 6th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, and Information System (ICENIS 2021)
|Number of page(s)
|History and Environment
|05 November 2021
Demak Kingdom: Study of Environmental Condition and Geographical
1 Cultural Department, Faculty of Cultural, Diponegoro University, Semarang Indonesia
2 Archietectural Department, Faculty of Enginering, Diponegoro University, Semarang
3 Marine Department, Faculty of Fish and Marine, Diponegoro University, Semarang
4 Historical Department, Faculty of Cultural, Diponegoro University, Semarang Indonesia
* Corresponding Author: 1 Email: email@example.com
Many experts have written about the history of the Demak kingdom, therefore the role of this kingdom in politics, economics and especially in the spread of Islam in Indonesia in the past. With the geophysiographical, historical and archaeological approach used in this study, it can be revealed about the environmental conditions and the location of the palace and the royal city of Demak. The research methods used in this research are observation, geophysiographical (drilling, geoelectrical measurement), historical (reading of documents) and archaeological (test pit excavations) methods, to obtain credible conclusions. The result is that the kingdom, which has a fairly large influence in the archipelago, is located on the island of Demak between Java and the Muria peninsula, which is still in a separate condition, which is surrounded by swamps, rivers and the sea. the tombs of kings, the names of places/villages (toponyms), have proven that the existence of the central city of the kingdom is concentrically arranged and the settlement patterns are grouped according to position, profession, ethnicity and religion.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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