E3S Web Conf.
Volume 318, 2021Second International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering – Iraq (ICGE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Remote Sensing and Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||08 November 2021|
Comparative Analysis of Feature Extraction and Pixel-based Classification of High-Resolution Satellite Images Using Geospatial Techniques
Surveying Engineering Department, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Two common techniques for classifying satellite imagery are pixel-based and Feature extraction image analysis methods. Typically, for agreements reached imaging, pixel-based analysis is used, whereas high-resolution imagery is suitable for Feature extraction analysis. However, In the classification of moderate images, image segmentation's ability depending on criteria such as shape, color, texture, and spatial features in Feature extraction image analysis implies it can perform better than pixel-based analysis. A comparative study of the two methods was performed using Sentinel-2 imagery from 18 May 2020 to categorize LU/LC in the City of Baghdad, Iraq. After calculating LU/LC for Baghdad images' capital, a supervised classification was performed using the two methods. The images used have been the support vector machines (SVM) and the maximum likelihood classification (MLC) for pixel-based method and Feature extraction method, which is available in ENVI and ArcGIS software packages, respectively. Land cover and land use classes included five Groups (vegetation area, asphalt road, soil area, water body, and built-up) was found that the Feature extraction methodology produced higher overall accuracy and Kappa index in the city of Baghdad image. The highest achieved accuracy for the Feature extraction technique was overall accuracy 95% with Kappa index 0.94 of SVM and overall accuracy of 92% with Kappa index 0.90 of MLC. In comparison, the highest accuracy for the pixel-based was overall accuracy 88% with Kappa index 0.84 of SVM and overall accuracy 86% with Kappa index 0.82 of MLC.
Key words: ENVI / land use / land cover / remote sensing / pixel-based / feature extraction / GIS
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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