E3S Web Conf.
Volume 319, 2021International Congress on Health Vigilance (VIGISAN 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Methods, Tools and Techniques in Health Vigilance|
|Published online||24 November 2021|
Drug errors related to self-medication in Morocco
1 Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology, University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies, Bamako, Mali
2 Moroccan Poison Control Center, Rabat, Morocco
3 PPR-B-Mokhtari-FS-UIT-Kenitra, Laboratory of Biology and Health, Faculty of Science, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
Introduction: Self-medication refers to the act of obtaining a drug without a prescription in order to use it for treatment. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of drug errors related to self-medication in Morocco. Method: This is a retrospective study of drug errors related to self-medication, reported to the Moroccan Poison Control Center between 2014 and 2018. Results: During the study period, 99 medication errors were recorded, of which 31.6% concerned children under the age of 15 years. The average age of the patients was 26.6 years. The sex ratio was balanced, with 4 breastfeeding women. Almost all of cases (94.9%) occurred at home. Drugs acting on the nervous system accounted for 39.4% of notifications. This was a medicine error in 47.5% of cases. The patient himself was responsible for the error in 57.6% of cases. Drug administration was oral in 84.5% of cases. Of all error cases, 32.7% were symptomatic. Conclusion: The dangers of self-medication are multiple. Sometimes, self-medication can lead to severe complications. It therefore strongly recommended to follow the medical prescription and the pharmacist’s instructions as well as to educate the public about the risks associated with self-medication.
Key words: Medication errors / Self-medication / Morocco
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.