E3S Web Conf.
Volume 320, 2021Energy Systems Environmental Impacts (ESEI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||09 November 2021|
Prediction of Runaway Characteristics of Kaplan Turbines Using CFD Analysis
JSC Power Machines Saint Petersburg, Russia
2 Institute of Computational Technologies SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In case of disconnection of generator from the network and failure of the governor, the rotational speed of the rotor rapidly increases and achieves maximum value, called the runaway speed. Prediction of the runaway speed at the stage of runner design would allow to select a runner considering this characteristic. Given in this paper is the numerical prediction of the runaway speed for a Kaplan turbine. Two approaches for numerical simulation were discussed. In the first one, the flow in the turbine flow passage was simulated using 3-D RANS equations of incompressible fluid using k-ε turbulence model. In the second approach, cavitation phenomena were taken into account using two-phase Zwart-Gerber-Belamri (ZGB) cavitation model. CFD calculations were carried out with using CADRUN flow solver. When setting the boundary conditions, the turbine head, being the difference of energies in the inlet and outlet cross-sections, is pre-set as a constant value, while the discharge and the runner torque are determined in the process of computation. The computed runaway speed is compared to that obtained in the model tests. It is shown that the numerical prediction of the runaway speed using the cavitation model achieves better matching with the experimental data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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