E3S Web Conf.
Volume 322, 2021International Seminar on Fish and Fisheries Sciences (ISFFS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Biodiversity, Fisheries Biology and Conservation|
|Published online||11 November 2021|
Reassessment of the mitochondrial 12S-rRNA gene for DNA barcoding of museum specimens of shelled marine gastropods from Japan
1 National Institute of Technology (KOSEN), Wakayama College, Gobo, Wakayama, Japan, 644-0023
2 Okinawa Prefectural Deep-sea Water Research Center, Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan
3 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan, 133-0023
4 Present address: Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-no-ha, Chiba, Japan, 277-8561
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
DNA barcoding is an effective and powerful tool for taxonomic identification and thus very useful for biodiversity monitoring. This study investigated the usefulness of the mitochondrial 12S-rRNA gene for the DNA barcoding of shelled marine gastropods. To do so, we determined partial 12S-rRNA sequences of 75 vouchered museum specimens from 69 species of shelled gastropods from Japan. The specimens have been identified morphologically, and natural history data catalog. Sequence analyses through BLAST searches, maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis, and species delimitation analysis suggested that the 12S-rRNA gene is helpful for barcoding shelled marine gastropods. They thus could be helpful to complement barcoding studies using other markers such as COI. The analyses successfully confirmed all samples’ identity at higher taxonomy (subfamily and above), but much less so at the species level. Our result thus also underlines the lingering problem of DNA barcoding: The lack of comprehensive reference databases of sequences. However, since we provided sequences of properly curated, vouchered museum specimens in this study, our result reported here has thus also helped to give taxonomically reliable reference sequences for biodiversity monitoring and identifications of shelled gastropods which include many important fisheries species.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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