E3S Web Conf.
Volume 334, 2022EFC21 - European Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Piero Lunghi Conference
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Hydrogen Storage and Handling|
|Published online||10 January 2022|
Towards stable and highly active IrO2 catalysts supported on doped tin oxides for the oxygen evolution reaction in acidic media
1 Laboratory for Process Engineering, Environmental, Biotechnology and Energy (LEPABE), Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias s/n, 4200–465 Porto, Portugal
2 Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Pfaffenwaldring 38–40, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Iridium oxide is the preferred catalyst for water oxidation but it is required to maximize its utilization to deploy Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers (PEMWEs) into the large-scale applications panorama. A promising pathway for dispersing this precious catalyst is on an electric conductive and stable support. However, there is a lack of understanding how the support-catalyst interactions affect the stability/activity of the electrocatalyst under anodic conditions. This work discloses a modified, easy-scalable, polyol synthesis protocol to produce a highly active and stable iridium-based catalyst, supported on metal-doped tin oxides. The loading of Ir was reduced 30 wt.% compared to the reference IrO2, and dispersed on Sb-SnO2 (IrOx/ATO), In-SnO2 (IrOx/ITO) and SnO2 supports. All synthesized electrocatalysts not only surpassed the OER-mass activity of a commercial catalyst (IrO2) – reference – but also reached higher electrochemical active surface areas and enhanced stability under the OER conditions. The highest performance was achieved with Ir NPs supported on ITO (176 A/gIr vs. 15.5 A/gIr for the reference catalyst @ 1.51 V vs. RHE) and both IrOx/ITO and IrOx/SnO2 catalysts demonstrated remarkable stability after cycling the electrode and performing long-term chronopotentiometry. ITO is, therefore, an auspicious support to serve Ir-based catalysts as it favors a good bargain between activity and stability, while drastically reducing the amount of noble metal.
Key words: Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzer / Oxygen evolution reaction / Supports / Tin oxide
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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