E3S Web Conf.
Volume 335, 2022The 2nd International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Animal Industry (The 2nd ICESAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||14 January 2022|
The relationship of estrus character before double dose artificial insemination in Limousin Crossbred cow
1 Post Graduate Programe Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia
4 Faculty of Animal Science, University of Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ongole cattle in smallholder farms on Java, Indonesia, have been crossed with Limousin, which is not controlled repeatedly. The character of estrus affects the success of Artificial Insemination. This study aimed to determine the relationship between estrus characters before double dose artificial insemination using frozen semen sexing. The research was conducted in Senggreng Village, Sumber Pucung District, Malang Regency. The material was 45 head of Limousin crossbred cow inseminated using sexing semen produced by the Singosari National Artificial Insemination Center (SNAIC). The sexed semen processed with the Percoll Density Gradient Centrifugation (PDGC) method. The average body value of cows between 3-5 (scale 1-9) with an average age of 1.8-7 years, normal reproduction, clear signs of estrus. The reproductive organs were examined by rectal palpation to confirm that the cows are not pregnant. Parameters of estrus character were vulvar color, cervical mucus, vaginal temperature, pH, vulvar swelling, and heat detector value. The result showed that the estrus characters, including vulva color, vulva swelling, cervical mucus, vaginal temperature, cervical mucus pH, and heat detector score in the first and second artificial insemination have a low relationship. The regression models produced can be used but are less precise to estimate the relationship between estrus characters because the coefficient of determination shows a low influence.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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