E3S Web Conf.
Volume 335, 2022The 2nd International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Animal Industry (The 2nd ICESAI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||14 January 2022|
The impact of education and experience on profit of smallholder dairy farming at Batu City of Malang Raya, Indonesia
1 Department of Livestock Socio-Economic, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia
2 Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The research was conducted at Batu, City, Malang Raya of Indonesia. Study addressed to examine the farmer characteristics, dairy farming income, and the factors influencing on profit. The case study applied multistage sampling method to select 34 representative farmers which divided into three strata namely, stratum-1 (rearing <4 Animal Units), stratum-2 (owning 4-8 AU), and stratum-3 (controlling >8 AU). Primary data collection used survey method with structured questionnaire, whereas secondary data were available in related institutions and sources. Data analysis implemented descriptive and multiple regression technique. Results confirmed that farmers has experienced about 6-10 years in raising dairy farming and they has secondary school education. The profitable dairy farming was smallholder dairy farming that rearing more than 8 AU with daily income per Animal Unit of IDR 64,554 and structured with IDR 11,131 of revenue and IDR 47,577 of production cost. Farmer’s experience was positively explaining the smallholder dairy profit, and the high school education attainment was more likely to increase venture’s income. The farm return has positive and strong relationships with the more number of dairy cattle owned.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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