E3S Web Conf.
Volume 336, 2022The International Conference on Energy and Green Computing (ICEGC’2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||17 January 2022|
Toward the Optimization of a PMSG Wind Energy Conversion System On-Grid by a Robust Mixed Controller
Signal Distributed Systems and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (SSDIA) of the Normal Superior School of Technical Education of Mohammedia ENSETM, BP 159 Mohammedia Principale, Morocco
The grid interconnected Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) remains a major challenge. To deal with the effect of the intermittent nature of wind speed. This paper presents the design of a combined nonlinear controller based on a sliding mode controller (MSMC) for a wind system. This control technique includes a smooth switching sliding mode observer (SS-SMO) and a non-singular terminal sliding mode controller (NT-SMC). The SS-SMO is used to observe the torque/speed disturbances, while the NT-SMC is used as a regulator. A voltage control technique is adopted to maintain the voltage at the common DC-link. To control the electrical power injected into the grid a Backstepping controller is proposed. The WECS is built around a wind turbine coupled to a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG). The proposed technique is robust against model uncertainties and external disturbances. In addition, the complexity of the system is reduced by replacing the mechanical speed and position sensors with the estimated parameter. The simulations results show the performances in terms of monitoring of set point, stability, and robustness with respect to the variation of wind speed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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