E3S Web Conf.
Volume 337, 2022International Conference on Climate Nexus Perspectives: Toward Innovative, Resilient and Sustainable Solutions for Natural Resources and Biodiversity Management (I2CNP 2021)
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Sustainable Management of Aquaculture Resources and Climate Change Impact/Marine Sciences and Coastal Risks|
|Published online||20 January 2022|
Ecological risk analysis in marine fish farming: a case study of a seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) farm located in Moroccan Mediterranean coast
National Institute of Fisheries Research (INRH), Aquaculture Centre, M’diq, Morocco (Former researcher).
2 National Institute of Fisheries Research (INRH), Department of Aquaculture, Casablanca, Morocco.
3 National Institute of Fisheries Research (INRH), Regional Centre, Tangier, Morocco.
4 Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University of Abdelmalek Essaadi, Tangier, Morocco.
5 Marine Fish Farm « Aquam’diq », M’diq, Morocco.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study aimed at studying ecological interaction between a fish farm cages located in M’diq bay, in western Moroccan Mediterranean coast, and its local environment. It was carried out in 2013 and 2016 through seabed analysis in terms of organic matter and some nutrients parameters such as Nitrogen and Phosphorus, as well as through monitoring macro-fauna assemblages. The results showed recorded values relatively stable in three years’ interval and have a well-integrated fish farming activity within its ecosystem. Sediment was sandy to sandy shelly types and macro-benthic fauna were composed of six groups, Gastropods, Bivalves, Scaphopoda, Amphipods, Nematoda and Polychaeta. Organic matter and Total Organic Carbon were respectively less than 3.2% and 1.87% and very low comparing with others Mediterranean fish farms sites. Estimation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Carbon potential releases of M’diq fish farm gave low data related to its production capacity not exceeding 200 tons by year. Influenced with open sea location and high current state, dispersion pattern of these fish farm discharges seemed to play a key role in keeping lower values. ANOVA analysis showed no significant difference between studied parameters in the five sampling stations comparing with the reference station both on geographical and temporal levels (seasons and years).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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