E3S Web Conf.
Volume 337, 2022International Conference on Climate Nexus Perspectives: Toward Innovative, Resilient and Sustainable Solutions for Natural Resources and Biodiversity Management (I2CNP 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Sustainability of Food Systems and Agricultural Productions|
|Published online||20 January 2022|
Carcass and meat quality characteristics of Beni-Guil autochthonous ovine breed: effect of live weight at slaughter
Laboratoire de Management de l’Agriculture Durable, EST Sidi Bennour, Université Chouaib Doukkali, El Jadida
2 Laboratoire d’Amélioration de la Production Agricole, Biotechnologie et Environnement (LAPABE), F Université Mohamed Ier, Oujda; Maroc. 717, 60000 Oujda, Maroc.
3 Service Vétérinaire, Office National de Sécurité Sanitaire des produits Alimentaires, Oujda, Maroc.
4 Institut Supérieur Industriel agronomique, Huy, Belgique.
5 Laboratoire Qualité et Sécurité des Produits Alimentaires, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Université de Liège; Belgique.
Ninety female lambs of the Beni-Guil sheep breed were used to study the effect of slaughter live weight (SLW) on carcass characteristics and meat quality. The animals were raised in Morocco’s eastern area under a pastoral-transhumant system. The lambs were slaughtered at three weight classes (SLW1 =20-25 kg, SLW2 = 26-30 kg, SLW3 = 31-35 kg). Ultimate pH value (pHu), fat and meat color, zoometric measurement, conformation score, fatness state, and fat consistency were evaluated 24 h post-slaughter. The carcass measures and compactness indexes increase with higher SLW (p<0.001). However, the dressing percentage and shrinkage were not affected. The longissimus lumborum muscle was used for meat quality determination. The pHu was not affected (p>0.05) by SLW effect. With respect to meat color, the lightness (L*) decreased with increasing SLW, while the redness increased (p<0.05). The female lambs with a carcass weight of 20-25 kg have a higher L* value (41.89), and lambs with a carcass weight between 31 and 35 kg have a higher redness value (21.73). In relation to the c1arcass fatness state and carcass conformation, the SLW had a significant effect (p<0.001). The conformation and the fatness increase in the logical sequence of SLW.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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