E3S Web Conf.
Volume 343, 202252nd AiCARR International Conference “HVAC and Health, Comfort, Environment - Equipments and Design for IEQ and Sustainability”
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||New HVAC Components and Systems|
|Published online||08 March 2022|
A2L low GWP HFO based refrigerant solutions in heat pump applications to drive energy efficiency, safety, and sustainability even in building restoration
1 Chemours Deutschland GmbH, Neu-Isenburg, Germany
2 Chemours Italy srl, Agrate Brianza (MB), Italy
3 Chemours France SAS, Villers Saint Paul, Rieux, France
* Corresponding author : firstname.lastname@example.org
Driven by energy efficiency requirements and legal restrictions like F-Gas Regulation Heat Pump OEM supplier are looking for alternative refrigerant solutions. HFO based low GWP refrigerants can help increasing the system efficiency, expanding the operating temperature range while reducing CO2 emissions. For building restoration in particular, high flow temperatures (for existing hydronic heating system) are essential for convenient and cost-and energy-efficient replacements of fossil fuel boilers. A2L classified refrigerants provide extended application range at highest safety level versus A3 classified refrigerants, but R-32 still carries a Global Warming Potential (GWP) of 675 making it a transitional solution. This paper compares different relevant parameters and points out the advantages provided by HFO A2L low GWP refrigerants (like R-454B and R-454C) for a wide capacity range of air to water and brine to water heat pumps. A special focus is put on the application of building restoration.
Key words: HFO / HFO blend / COP / Energy Efficiency / A2L / A3 / performance / safety / sustainability / operating range / heat pump / building restoration
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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