E3S Web Conf.
Volume 345, 2022XXV Biennial Symposium on Measuring Techniques in Turbomachinery (MTT 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||29 March 2022|
Virtual four sensor fast response aerodynamic probe (FRAP®)
ETH, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Turbomachinery Laboratory, Zurich, Switzerland
This paper introduces the new fast response aerodynamic probe (FRAP®), which was recently developed at the ETH Zurich. The probe provides time-resolved, three-dimensional flow measurements using the virtual four sensor technique. Two probes work in tandem, being comparable to a pair of pneumatic needle probes. The first probe, being yaw angle sensitive, is positioned in three circumferential positions. The second probe being pitch angle sensitive is brought into exactly the same position as the first probe. The resulting set of four measurements is phaselock-averaged to one specific rotor trigger position. Then the reduced data sets are combined to four calibration coefficients, which are then further processed to determine the unsteady flow vector. The results consist of yaw and pitch flow angles as well as the total and static pressure. The outer diameter of the cylindrical probe head was miniaturized to 0.84mm, hence probe blockage effects as well as dynamic lift effects are reduced. The shape of the probe head was optimized in view of the manufacturing process as well as aerodynamic considerations. The optimum geometry for pitch sensitivity was found to be a cylindrical surface with the axis perpendicular to the probe shaft. The internal design of the probes led to a sensor cavity eigen frequency of 44 kHz for the yaw sensitive and 34kHz for the pitch sensitive probe. The steady aerodynamic characteristics of the probe were measured using the free jet probe calibration facility of the laboratory. The full set of calibration surfaces is given. Data acquisition is done with a fully automated traversing system, which moves the probe within the test rig and samples the signal with a PC-based A/D-board. An error analysis implemented into the data reduction routines revealed acceptable accuracy for flow angles as well as pressures for many turbomachinery flows. Depending on the dynamic head of the application the yaw angle is accurate within ±0.35° and pitch angle within ±0.7°. Finally, a comparison of time averaged results to five hole probe measurements is discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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