E3S Web Conf.
Volume 348, 20222nd International Conference on Applied Sciences 2021 (ICAS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||28 April 2022|
Specialization and diversification as adaptive strategies for smallholder dairy farming systems providing a formal milk chain in Indonesia
1 College of Vocational Studies, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Jl. Kumbang No. 14 Kampus IPB Cilibende 16128, Bogor, Indonesia ;
2 CIRAD, UMR Systèmes d’élevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux (SELMET) Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398, France ;
3 UMR SELMET, INRAE – CIRAD – Montpellier SupAgro – Univ Montpellier, 2 Place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Smallholder dairy farms encounter challenges in minimal production factors that result in a lack of family income. They react differently to these limits by combining on-farm and off-farm activities (diversifying activity), concentrating exclusively on milk production (specializing activity), or leaving the dairy production to secure family livelihood. As far as adaptive strategies are concerned, they may affect milk production growth at the farm and national levels. We performed an observational case study in the West Java Province (Indonesia) to resolve those problems. We gathered information in two phases: a systematic survey (May to September 2015) to 355 farms and an in-depth interview (January to April 2017) with 20 farms. Our result distinguishes four categories of farms, along with a very small specialized dairy farm (T1), a combination of the dairy farm off-farm activity with very limited land (T2), a small specialized dairy farm (T3), and a mixed crop-dairy farm (T4). The technical-economic value varies depending on the farm type. The six trajectories prevail. The main change was the addition of off-farm activities for poor farmers. Farms in the development trajectory, two strategies coexist between the dairy production system's specialization and the mixed crops-dairy system. In conclusion, this study underscored each farm trajectory's different attributes and drivers. The study also underlined the importance of the initial capital of smallholders to illustrate their future farm trajectory.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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